Osteoporosis is a bone condition characterised by low bone mass or decreased bone strength and subsequently, an increase in bone fragility. It can lead to high risks of fractures especially in the hip, spine and wrist. It can affect both sexes. As we grow older, our bone mass is further reduced.
While any bone in the body can be affected by this bone-thinning disease, fractures in the hip and spine present serious consequences as they often result in hospitalisation or even death.
This greatly increases in women during the menopause stage, hence dubbed as the “silent” disease as patients usually do not feel any symptoms in the early stages.
However, it continues to be a major cause of death and long term disability, predisposing the patient to osteoporotic fractures including those of the hip, spine, wrist and other bones.
With today’s advancement in medicine, the disease progression can be reduced and even halted with appropriate treatment.
Bone Mineral Density Scan
Bone Mineral Density (BMD) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) method is used to diagnose Osteoporosis. It indicates a person’s risk of sustaining a bone fracture and helps to detect osteoporosis.
The BMD result is an important basis from which to discuss potential changes to lifestyle and treatments. The elderly are especially encouraged to consult their doctor for a BMD scan. BMD scan is painless, non-invasive and should be considered as essential as blood pressure, blood cholesterol and other routine physical tests to help maintain lifelong health.